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Ref  HJ1  King Charles 1st and Queen Anne

An historically significant double-sided portrait miniature pendant, circa 1710. The obverse depicts King Charles 1st and the reverse depicts his granddaughter, Queen Anne. Both wear the Most Noble Order of the Garter, a regal symbol of continuity. Charles is depicted as a Protestant martyr and Anne as the defender of Anglicanism, reflecting the tumulutous political events of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Although Anne's father James was Catholic, on the instruction of Charles II, Anne and her sister Mary were raised as Protestants. The Catholic King James was overthrown in 1688 and Anne's sister Mary and her Dutch husband William took the throne. As they died childless, Anne became Queen in 1702. Under the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, France recognised Anne's title over that of James II's Catholic son, James Stuart. The gold pendant contains two sepia portraits on vellum under crystal, painted with an extremely fine brush in great detail. Miniaturists at this time used brushes made out of squirrel hair set in quills. It is one inch tall and 2/3 of an inch wide and in an early 18th century case. The pendant comes with provenance, it is from the Glyn Cywarch estate, the family seat of Lord Harlech, and is the first such example of its type I have seen.

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